Hyperz Documentation > Knowledgebase > NodeJS Websites > Initial Setup & First Website

Initial Setup & First Website

Hyperz

This default guide uses Ubuntu 20.04 as an operating OS. We may release a guide for Windows at some point in the future.

Note: This guide will not work for all EJS Based websites, this is designed to work with the basics.


DO NOT USE / INSTALL APACHE!!!

Step 1 - Requirements

  • Server to host the site
  • Nginx
  • NodeJS
  • Domain

Step 2 - LEMN Stack

Props to FAXES for an explanation on this part

A LEMN stack is a group of programs that will be the core operators for our website.

  • Linux
  • Engine-X (but written as Nginx)
  • MySQL Database
  • NodeJS

You might of heard of a LEMP, or LAMP stack. These include PHP. However, this application uses Node.Js as an handler. So we will use the LEMN Stack.

First off after we login to the terminal. We want to update the package index. then install Nginx.


Actions:

First, lets get logged into our server.
We are going to be using WinSCP & PuTTY

Open up PuTTY and input your IP into the Host Name box.

Then when it asks to login as: likely your username will be root

If it asks for a password, enter your password. If you don't know your password, reach out to your hosting provider.
Keep in mind the console won't show you as "typing" when entering a password. This is a security feature and it keeps your text entry invisible to other users.

Now onto the next step(s):

Lets make sure we are up to date, so lets run sudo apt update in console.

Then let's get to installing NGINX with this command:
sudo apt install nginx

When prompted press Y to install Nginx.

Now you should be able to navigate to your server IP in a browser and you will see the Nginx welcome page - http://server_domain_or_IP.

MySQL

If your current EJS website doesn't require a MySQL Database, feel free to skip ahead!

Start off by running this command to install the base of MySQL:
sudo apt install mysql-server

When prompted press Y to install MySQL-Server.

Then lets login to MySQL:
sudo mysql

Then, lets set a password for your new MySQL Server!

ALTER USER 'root'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED WITH mysql_native_password BY 'password';

Next lets make sure to refresh our permissions.

FLUSH PRIVILEGES;

If you wish to learn MORE about MySQL x Ubuntu feel free to check out the knowledge base article.


Install NodeJS

Installing NodeJS is fairly easy, feel free to reference this guide.


Certbot

Lastly we need to install Certbot to be able to use SSL certificates on our domain(s).

for Ubuntu 20:
sudo apt install certbot python3-certbot-nginx

for Ubuntu 18:
sudo apt install certbot python-certbot-nginx


NGINX Configuration

Credit to FAXES on this part.

Because EJS Websites use NodeJS to function we need to setup a proxy to have our website work on a domain through NGINX. Navigate to your NGINX site config: /etc/nginx/sites-available/default

Insert the below into your config file. Ensure to edit the relevant points. If this is your first time editing this file, you may feel free to delete all other content inside of it, so you start blank before pasting this in.

server {
    
  server_name example.com; # Change domain to yours.
    
  location / {
    proxy_pass http://localhost:3000; # Change the port if changed in the config file.
    proxy_http_version 1.1;
    proxy_set_header Upgrade $http_upgrade;
    proxy_set_header Connection 'upgrade';
    proxy_set_header Host $host;
    proxy_cache_bypass $http_upgrade;
    proxy_set_header X-Real-IP $remote_addr;
  }    
}

Restart Nginx to make the changes.
sudo systemctl restart nginx


Now create a SSL certificate through Certbot.

Ubuntu 20:

sudo certbot --nginx -d example.com

When instructed you want to pick the second option (2) to redirect all traffic to a https connection.

Run sudo certbot renew --dry-run to make sure your SSL certificates auto-renew.


Running your website

Now, let's actually install dependencies and start your website on the port of your choice!

cd to the directory of your website, for example: cd /home/website

Next, lets install the dependencies, for me, that will be done with npm i

Once the dependencies have finished installing, finally, let's start the website with node .


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